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If you are considering IVF(ICSI) in China and would like to get know more information about IVF(ICSI), please complete the inquiry form or email us at

About In vitro fertilization (IVF)

In vitro fertilization (IVF) involves manually fertilizing a human egg with sperm outside of the womb. The technique is most commonly implemented when other means of fertility treatment have been unsuccessful.

IVF procedures may be undertaken in cases of both female and male infertility. Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) to inject the sperm cell into the egg may be required in cases of male infertility where sperm numbers are low or poor sperm quality prevents the sperm from successfully penetrating the egg. In cases of ICSI, donor sperm may be required to fertilize the egg.

IVF Procedure

To facilitate in vitro fertilization, ova are removed from the ovaries of the female patient, and combined with male sperm in a laboratory dish. When an egg (zygote) has been successfully fertilized and cell division has commenced, an embryo transfer is performed to transplant the egg into the uterus of the patient.

Prior to the cultivation of ova, ovulation induction is undertaken a few days after the beginning of the menstrual cycle to increase the chance of multiple eggs being cultivated. As not all retrieved eggs will fertilize, multiple eggs are required. The treatment cycle for ovulation induction involves a course of fertility medication to encourage follicular growth in the ovaries. By injecting human chorionic gonadotropins, the doctor can initiate ovulation when follicular maturation is sufficient, and retrieval of the eggs from the ovary can be undertaken.

Under a local anesthetic, the patient will have her eggs cultivated via follicular aspiration, using ultrasound to direct the harvesting needle into the pelvic cavity, piercing the wall of the vagina to access the ovaries. Between 10 and 30 eggs will usually be retrieved.

Embryo transfer will usually be performed two or three days after the eggs have been retrieved. Guided by ultrasound imaging, a speculum is inserted into the vagina and a number of fertilized eggs are transferred into the womb via a catheter.

IVF Risks

There are some risks involved in undertaking in vitro fertilization as any procedure involving anesthesia carries a degree of risk. The ovaries may also become swollen and sore as a result of stimulation, however this is not common. Patients suffering from ovarian hyper stimulation syndrome can expect to feel nauseous, bloated and lose their appetite. With a number of embryos being transferred into the womb, multiple-birth pregnancies are also common after in vitro fertilization. Multiple births increase the risk of premature delivery, obstetrical complications, loss of pregnancy, and neo-natal morbidity.

If you are considering IVF(ICSI) in China and would like to get know more information about IVF(ICSI), please complete the inquiry form or email us at